Andrea Smith, Conquest: Sexual Violence and American Indian Genocide (2005)
In Conquest, Smith places Native American women at the center of her analysis of sexual violence, challenging both conventional definitions of the term and conventional responses to the problem.
Beginning with the impact of the abuses inflicted on Native American children at state-sanctioned boarding schools from the 1880s to the 1980s, Smith adroitly expands our conception of violence to include environmental racism, population control and the widespread appropriation of Indian cultural practices by whites and other non-natives. Smith deftly connects these and other examples of historical and contemporary colonialism to the high rates of violence against Native American women—the most likely women in the United States to die of poverty-related illnesses, be victims of rape and suffer partner abuse.
Essential reading for scholars and activists, Conquest is the powerful synthesis of Andrea Smith’s intellectual and political work to date. By focusing on the impact of sexual violence on Native American women, Smith articulates an agenda that is compelling to feminists, Native Americans, other people of color and all who are committed to creating viable alternatives to state-based “solutions.”
TODAY IN TRANS ARTISTS:
Wendy Carlos born November 14, 1939
AKA the mother of modern electronic music
This amazing woman composed and recorded the entire Clockwork Orange soundtrack, yeah, that shit, that amazing stuff, this gal, right here. Also, The Shining, yep. That scary masterpiece, this gal made the music that made you piss.
Her biggest break through album was Switched On Bach(1968) which, yes, is amazing synth-y classical jams.
She began transitioning with the use of hormones in 1968 and has also won like 4 friggin’ awards for being awesome!(actually, mostly for having amazing music which directly equals being friggin’ awesome)
So, if anyone asks you who the biggest bad ass in electronic-acoustic, or just electronic music in general, you tell them Wendy-God-Damn-Carlos.
I never let May 1st pass without remembering the most attractive man to have ever lived. Literally. When all of those ass-hats point to anarchists “ruining” or “infiltrating” May Day, point them to this quote, the words of a man whose death is the reason millions of people, for a century and a quarter, have fought the state on May 1st:
I tell you frankly and openly, I am for force. I have already told Captain Schaack, “if they use cannons against us, we shall use dynamite against them.” I repeat that I am the enemy of the “order”of today, and I repeat that, with all my powers, so long as breath remains in me, I shall combat it. I declare again, frankly and openly, that I am in favor of using force. I have told Captain Schaack, and I stand by it,“if you cannonade us, we shall dynamite you.” You laugh! Perhaps you think,“you’ll throw no more bombs”; but let me assure you I die happy on the gallows, so confident am I that the hundreds and thousands to whom I have spoken will remember my words; and when you shall have hanged us, then—mark my words—they will do the bombthrowing! In this hope do I say to you: I despise you. I despise your order, your laws, your force-propped authority. Hang me for it!
remembered as an ‘avid proponent of violence’, his defense in court was that he couldn’t have thrown the bomb at haymarket, because he was sitting at home making other bombs at the time. he literally blew himself up in his cell the night before his execution so as to not let the state kill him. he bit down on a blasting cap and before he died, he wrote ‘long live anarchy’ on the floor of his cell using his own blood.
Martyrdom for the Haymarket Riot anarchists, 1886, Chicago
ready for SATURDAY? #terrafirma #5790projects #cfaer #filardo #dylanryansand #coreyfogel. Get your tickets through CFAER.org (at Center for the Arts, Eagle Rock)
I’m playing bass in FILARDO this coming Saturday at the Center for the Arts Eagle Rock! The flier above says it all! (5/3/14)
Tom Filardo of Filardo is my very sweet roommate! This show will be cool:
Thank you for viewing our campaign. We are a small, grassroots organization that is working with the community to open the first Bay Area trans* women housing program - Queens Cottage Shelter.
When our founder, Breezy Golden-Farr, a transwoman herself, found herself homeless and without a place to lay her head, she came face to face with a real problem in our community. There is no safe and affordable housing for trans* women in the Bay Area.
Trans* people are often shunned and abused by the shelter system; they are often forced to sleep on the streets because they are abused and harassed by other shelter residents. Trans* women sorely lack a safe haven, where they can go for supportive housing. Queens Cottage Shelter will work with local partners to help empower residents reach for their goals of recovery, employment, school, and stable housing.
Miss Farr’s and others have been working tirelessly to open the first ever all transwoman housing program and Oakland. They have teamed up with Transitions House - a trans* housing advocacy group to make this dream a reality. We hope you will join us with passion we have for trans* affirming housing! This dream needs your passion and financial support.
How can I help?
Though our goal here is modest, it will allow us to start our fundraising for the following:
- Help find a residence for Queens Cottage Shelter
- Help us start and open our doors to 10 homeless trans women in need of your support.
- Your support will provide short term housing to our community most impacted by violence and discrimination, TWOC and low income trans women.
- Residents will be supported in the house to get connected to community resources including job search support by the Trans* Employment Program (TEEI), healthcare services, and case management.
- It will mean trans* people have access to safe housing, showers, and free meals.
Thank you for supporting this important and needed trans housing program. As our unique way of saying thank you for helping house trans* women of color and low income trans* folks, please check out our perks. Including buttons, t-shirts, and more! At certain donor levels, you even have the opportunity to sit down and meet these girls and hear their story. See first hand what your financial assistance means to them. And remember, anything will help!
We are a registered with the IRS as a non-profit charity and we accept donations of all kinds. Any dollar amount, no matter how small, will be welcomed. Every dollar given is a dollar much appreciated!
This is so important. Only 5 people have backed this so far. Give what you can! Signal boost!
-Write every email as if it is a beautiful poem
-Write every email as if it were written to someone that I had a disgusting unquenchable crush on
-DIY guide to archiving as a workshop at chuco’s
-juiced three grapefruits, strawberries, mandarin oranges, oranges, apple
-ate a dry cookie
Maybe over the winter holidays you received a few gift cards that you could spare and donate to CeCe.
I will be donating the Target gift cards I was given, as well as some sewing supplies.
Send to: Minnesota Transgender Health Coalition, 3405 Chicago Ave, Suite 103, Minneapolis, MN 55407
[Image: Three photos. The first shows Laverne Cox, a beautiful Black trans woman with long light colored hair seated, head tilted, across from CeCe McDonald, a beautiful Black trans woman seen from behind, as they speak. The second photo is a shot of a row of prison cells. The third is a picture of CeCe McDonald speaking with the back of Laverne Cox shown.]
FREE CECE, the new documentary with Laverne Cox, explores the roles race, class and gender played in CeCe McDonald’s case. McDonald’s claim of self defense was rejected by Hennepin County prosecutors. The documentary explores the implications of CeCe’s story as a survivor, housing trans women in male prisons, and the practice of keeping trans women in solitary confinement.
Please take a moment to visit the site and contribute a tax deductible donation so this important work can continue.
If you can’t donate, then signal boost if you can. This deserves all the attention it can get!
B O O S T
QUEERPOCALYPSE is a queer☆rad☆convergence taking place this weekend in Los Angeles. It is a response to queer bashing, queerphobia, and everyday oppression. Queerpocalypse will be a continuous happening, starting with a 3-day gathering during the LA (m)Anarchist Book Fair. This weekend will set queer bodies in motion to work together to dismantle - to crush - misogyny, patriarchy, racism, classism, ableism, xenophobia, and all forms of oppression perpetuated by the able-bodied cishet white supremacist male dominated state in which we live.
Be heard. Be seen. Be unapologetically queer as fuck.
And don’t forget your ♥kitty knuckles♥
Agamben: magic & happiness #profanations
Day 19 of White History Month: Medical Racism
The United States (along with other countries in the Western world) has a history of medical racism. The general population is unaware of the history of medical racism, and white health professionals are as well. John M. Hoberman of UT-Austin says that medical schools do not teach students about the history of medical racism, nor do they give them proper diversity training. Many Americans of color have grown to distrust medical professionals, and many white Americans attribute this to paranoia rather than their knowledge of historical and contemporary medical mistreatment.
Medical racism has often benefited white Americans disproportionately while simultaneously harming Americans of color, as well as people of color outside of the United States. White Americans benefit from medical advances, while individual people of color were harmed, and in some cases, large groups of people of color have been harmed. From trying to “better” the race, to making scientific advances, white people have used and disregarded the rights people of color for their own benefit. Medical racism shows the lack of value ascribed to the bodies and lives of people of color.
The eugenics movement in the United States became very popular and manifested itself in many different ways. Anti-miscegenation laws, birth control, sterilization, forced abortions, forced pregnancies (of white women), and the promotion of higher birth rates for neurotypical white women. Eugenics policies were first instituted in the United States. Laws that advocated the sterilization of those with mental illnesses were in effect in the early 1900s, and soon spread to other countries.
Eugenics movements advocated for the eradication of those with mental illness, those who were homosexual, “promiscuous”, and most of all, those who were outside of the “Nordic” or “Aryan” race. Eugenics was advocated for by many famous white Westerners, including world leaders such as Winston Churchill, Theodore Roosevelt, and Calvin Coolidge.
While eugenics was highly unpopular after the Holocaust, the eugenics tradition of the United States actually provided the background for Nazi Medicine. While most people are aware to some extent what the horrors of Nazi medicine entailed, few people are aware of the American eugenics tradition that inspired it. Eugenics societies promoted “fit families” and “better babies” through awards at contests, but they also promoted harmful legislation barring immigrants and sterilizing “undesirable” people.
Controlling Reproductive Rights of Women of Color
Due to the eugenics movement, thousands of Black women were sterilized. In North Carolina, 7600 people were sterilized between 1929 and 1974, 85% of them women and girls, and a disproportionate number of them people of color (39% in the 1940s, 60% in the 1960s while making up only 25% of the population). The program that allowed for their sterilization was not eliminated fully until 2003. Black women were also sterilized without their consent in other states.
Puerto Rican Women
The United States has held Puerto Rico as a territory since 1898. As a solution to Puerto Rican economic problems, the US government felt that reducing the population of the Puerto Rican government would help. The US sterilized over one-third of Puerto Rican women, many uneducated and working class, between the 1930s and 1970s. Most of these women did not understand the procedure and did not know that it would render them sterile.
Additionally, the US used Puerto Rican women to test out birth control pills in the 1950s. These women were not informed that the pills were experimental - only that they would prevent pregnancy. They were not informed of the possible side effects ranging from nausea to possible death - three women died during the birth control pill trials. Women who reported side effects had their concerns dismissed by researchers.
Native American Women
Native American women who used the Indian Health Services were subject to numerous violations of their rights, particularly their reproductive rights. Some women who underwent procedures such as appendectomies would also have hysterectomies performed on them without their consent. At least 25 percent (and as high as 50 percent) of Native American women of reproductive age who used Indian Health Services were sterilized without their consent or after coercion. Largely white male doctors would use Native American women as “practice” for performing gynecological procedures on white women.
Tuskegee Experiment and Guatemala STD Experiment
In 1932, the Tuskegee Institute worked with the United States government to perform a study on a group of Black men with syphillis. The men were recruited to the study with promises of free meals, transportation to the clinic, medical exams and even treatment for minor medical concerns. The study lasted 40 years and involved the participation of over 600 Black men. This sounded like a good arrangement in theory, but researchers did not hold up their end of the bargain. By 1947, penicillin was widely used as treatment for syphillis. The researchers neglected to inform the men involved in the study in addition to refusing to treat the men.
As a result of the Tuskegee Experiment, nearly a hundred men died, and hundreds of partners and children were infected with the disease as well. Not only was this a breach of research ethics, as the participants did not give informed consent and were not treated for their ailment. The men and their families won a $9 million class action lawsuit in 1973, but this of course was not enough to make up for the damage that was done.
Similarly, the same researcher who uncovered the Tuskegee Syphillis experiment, Susan Reverby, discovered that a similar situation occured in Guatemala. The US Public Health Service and Pan American Sanitary Bureau worked with the Guatemalan government to do research on 1300 Guatemalans that involved intentionally exposing them to STDs.
The experiment involved many who are considered disposable in society - sex workers, mental patients, prisoners, and soldiers. Only 700 of these people were treated, and during the study 83 people died. Some of the most disturbing incidents during the study involved injecting epilepsy patients in the back of the head with syphillis, as well as the infection of a terminal illness patient with gonnorhea (she died six months later). The Guatemalans in the study also did not give informed consent.
Henrietta Lacks (1920 - 1951) was a Black woman who went to Johns Hopkins Hospital to be examined for serious medical concerns. After a biopsy was performed, she was diagnosed with and subsequently treated for cancer. While she was being treated, healthy and cancerous cells were removed from her cervix without her consent. She died in 1951, but the cells stolen from her body continued to be used. Though she died poor and was buried without a gravestone, her cells were used for many medical tests. From routine tests for human sensitivity to substances to the development of the Polio vaccine, her cells were used for medical advances. Her family only learned about the removal of her cells in the 1970s, and she is largely unknown despite the contributions to science she had made.
Current medical racism
Distrust of medical health professionals, along with racist attitudes probably contribute to medical health disparities. Racially linked anxiety disorders have been linked to racism at the hands of white people. A significant number of Black women report racism and sexism contributing to their stress and to stress-linked overeating.
Stressful life circumstances are reasons for hypertension and many mental health ailments. Working and middle class Black women who report multiple forms of discrimination are more likely to have high blood pressure than those who report fewer incidents. Black Americans who are more confrontational about racism are less likely to have elevated blood pressure than those who stay silent, which can be attributed to the effects of suppressed hostility.
Today, doctors still exhibit subconscious racist attitudes. A study in the American Journal of Public Health (March 2012) showed that a full two-thirds of the doctors in the sample were racially biased. White and Asian health professionals showed anti-Black bias, but Black health professionals showed no bias.
Doctors are more likely to speak more slowly to Black patients, extend their visits, and to lecture and talk down to them. This shows that the doctors are paternalistic and don’t care about respecting their patients or asking for their input
Additionally, white doctors are prone to giving worse care to patients of color, regardless of their income. People of color are less likely to get the diagnoses and treatment that they need, for everything ranging from heart disease medication, HIV treatment, and dialysis. Black women are the least likely to receive the pain medication that they need. Mental health professionals are less likely to diagnose people of color with an appropriate diagnosis because of their race.